An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis in their child is very difficult to accept and comprehend for family members. Children with Autism may begin to show symptoms of the disorder as early as 18 months. It is essential for family members to know Autism is not a disease, but a disorder, and as such can be treated and managed with an appropriate plan. With the right information, tools and timely interventions, children diagnosed with ASD can live a more complete and productive life.
No two children with autism will present the same symptoms or experience the same levels of severity. These may include delays in many areas of functioning or just a few. Children with ASD may show any range of personality traits; the disorder primarily impacts development of skills related to communication and socialization with a range of impairment, but deficits may present themselves in daily living skills and ability to adapt to social norms.
Pulled from research on ASD, here are the main categories of impairments in the autism spectrum. Working with professionals, this list provides areas to focus on to help the child overcome his impairments.
• Social Development
• Reception and Expression of Language
• Aggressive Behavior
• Self-Inflicted Injuries
• Inability to Handle Change
This article includes research contained in “The ABCs of Autism” by the Special Learning Clinical Team, Michele LaMarche, MA, BCBA, and Tabitha Kirby, MA, BCBA, 2013